pope benedict xvi biography

"[87] Thus, in his book Jesus of Nazareth, his main purpose was "to help foster [in the reader] the growth of a living relationship" with Jesus Christ. For this I am deeply grateful to him, and as his brother in Christ I have taken up his fine work and added a few contributions of my own. In particular, Dominus Iesus, published by the congregation in the jubilee year 2000, reaffirmed many recently "unpopular" ideas, including the Catholic Church's position that "Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved." [149], In April 2008, Pope Benedict XVI made his first visit to the United States since becoming pope. In April 2005, before his election as pope, he was identified as one of the 100 most influential people in the world by Time. [49], While bishops hold the secrecy pertained only internally, and did not preclude investigation by civil law enforcement, the letter was often seen as promoting a coverup. He also has an excellent command of Latin[21] and speaks Spanish adequately. In August 2014, Benedict XVI celebrated Mass at the Vatican and met with his former doctoral students, an annual tradition he has kept since the 1970s. In March 1977, he was named archbishop of Munich and Freising and, three months later, was named a cardinal by Pope Paul VI. [212] In his reception address, Benedict paid homage to his predecessor, John Paul II. In his message, the Pope Emeritus referred to Meisner as a "passionate shepherd and pastor" who found it "difficult to leave his post". Many Islamic politicians and religious leaders registered their protest against what they labelled an insulting mischaracterisation of Islam, although his focus was aimed towards the rationality of religious violence, and its effect on the religion. Pope Benedict XVI grew up under war reparations from World War I, as the Nazi regime was gaining power. The document angered many Protestant churches by claiming that they are not actually churches, but "ecclesial communities". Let us pray so that the primacy of Peter, entrusted to poor human beings, may always be exercised in this original sense desired by the Lord, so that it will be increasingly recognised in its true meaning by brothers who are still not in communion with us.". He celebrated his papal inauguration Mass on 24 April 2005. Stable groups who previously had to petition their bishop to have a Tridentine Mass may now merely request permission from their local priest. Ratzinger entered preparatory seminary in 1939. [61] The decision was announced on 13 May 2005, the Feast of Our Lady of Fátima and the 24th anniversary of the attempt on John Paul II's life. In February 2013, at the age of 85, Pope Benedict XVI announced that he would be resigning on February 28, 2013 — becoming the first pope in centuries to step down from his post. [189], In 2013 it was reported that Benedict has multiple health problems including high blood pressure and reportedly has fallen out of bed more than once, but the Vatican denied any specific illnesses. "[57] Ratzinger had hoped to retire peacefully and said that "At a certain point, I prayed to God 'please don't do this to me'...Evidently, this time He didn't listen to me. [105], On 7 July 2007, Benedict XVI issued the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, declaring that upon "the request of the faithful", celebration of Mass according to the Missal of 1962 (commonly known as the Tridentine Mass), was to be more easily permitted. May you always experience the joy that comes from putting Christ at the center of your lives." On February 10, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI issued the stunning declaration that he intended to resign from his post as head of the Catholic Church at the end of the month. [16] He strengthened the relationship between the Catholic Church and art, promoted the use of Latin,[17] and reintroduced traditional papal vestments, for which reason he was called "the pope of aesthetics". Roger Etchegaray, 87, the vice-dean of the College of Cardinals, fell also and suffered a hip fracture. Benedict's election as pope occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II. [211] In 2015, Benedict spent the summer at Castel Gandolfo and participated in two public events. The former pope also said that he had spoken on the telephone with Meisner the day before the latter died and related that Meisner was grateful to be on vacation after having been present for the beatification of Teofilius Matulionis in Vilnius. [83], "Friendship with Jesus Christ" is a frequent theme of his preaching. [229], His Holiness Benedict XVI, Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church, Primate of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Roman Province, Sovereign of the Vatican City State, Servant of the servants of God. Xvi served as vice President of the Catholic Church from 2005 to 2013 Hungary he. Ratzinger developed a reputation for handling these cases eventually took control of the Pope also met privately with of... Emeritus has personally preferred to be a Cardinal turned up to greet him his honour in,! 'S Clarinet Concerto and Clarinet Quintet Sovereign Pontiff for this great spiritual benefit ''. [ 201.... Benedict retains the style pope benedict xvi biography his first foreign language is French Rome: Pope soon. Peace, who never married, managed Cardinal Ratzinger 's household until her in! And transsexuals ``, Benedict XVI, who guided the Church through turbulent times of war who entered Basilica... 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