In this article, he provides Manhattan Review’s five best strategies for GMAT Sentence Correction questions. The fact is, SC sentences often contain modifiers such as prepositional phrases, relative clauses, and appositives, that serve no other purpose in the sentence than to obscure a detail you need to see in order to answer a question correctly. Plug each answer choice into the full sentence. If the verb is changing among the options such as “is/are” or “become/becomes” then you know that Subject-verb Agreement is being tested. For non-native speakers, the Verbal section on the GMAT can be quite challenging. GMAT test-takers have committed countless careless mistakes by reading the full sentence only when they first see an SC question, and then relying on memory when evaluating which answer choice will create a correct sentence. By Jonathan Taves Updated October 31, 2019 Updated October 31, 2019 Advice on how to approach the sentence correction portion of GMAT's verbal section. Don’t forget to evaluate “style” Some students get so absorbed in identifying grammatical errors in … But you are so convinced that you have the right option, you go ahead full steam. The following are the different tests: SAT: originally known as the Scholastic Aptitude Test it has gone through a number of changes and is now known purely as the SAT.It is taken by those seeking undergraduate admission and will test mathematics, reading, and also writing and language. However, when the score … X and Y are both verbs. GMAT test prep expert and personal tutor, Chiranjeev Singh, has tips to improve your sentence correction (SC) score. Notice that the sentence contains a list of three items related to how “adrenaline and cortisol aid your body during a stress response”: by causing … by stimulating … and blood flow. Head over to our E-book library for more useful information on how to achieve an awesome GMAT score! Be on the lookout for sentences containing two or three errors. Whatever stage of studying GMAT Verbal you’re in, these tips will be invaluable for helping you approach Sentence Correction questions. An underlined part of a sentence has 0-2 errors in that sentence. This happens when you think you have wrongly identified a concept that is being tested. I will demonstrate this in the solution below. All Rights Reserved. Sometimes, especially with GMAT sentence correction, the error lies in the meaning conveyed by the sentence. When you vertically scan your answer options, you can classify them into two categories: clear options and concise options. If you look at a sentence version only in pieces, you can miss big-picture issues, such as illogical sentence structures that convey nonsensical meanings or violate grammar rules. If this is in order, you question the meaning of the underlined part of the sentence: is it conveying the intent of the author clearly? 14 Powerful GMAT Sentence Correction Tips to Boost Your Score. You feel confident, but when you substitute and read the sentence again, it doesn’t sit right. Tips for GMAT Sentence Correction. (A) protects the insurance industry from hitting rock bottom, like it did(B) protect the insurance industry from hitting rock bottom, as it did(C) protects the insurance industry from hitting rock bottom, as it did(D) protect the insurance industry from hitting rock bottom, like(E) protect the insurance industry from hitting rock bottom, like they did. For this, you need to substitute your chosen answer in place of the underlined phrase and read it again. Option D: ‘a luminescent radioactive element’ refers incorrectly to 1910. However, any time you don’t find a “slam dunk” reason (or two) to eliminate an answer, you should ask yourself, “What is the meaning conveyed by this version of the sentence if I read it literally? Regardless of whether a modifier is a word or a phrase or what it modifies, when it . The Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT have several types of errors, most of which reoccur frequently throughout this section of the test. If a word can be removed, or a simpler word can be substituted for a verbose one, it should be eliminated/rephrased. Students who have completed their GMAT online course are quite strong in the concepts and are also able to apply the strategies to questions well. Option D – the phrase ‘like earlier in the decade’ doesn’t clarify what happened earlier in the decade – the comparison is ambiguous. Having well-written sentence correction GMAT tips can help you with your tests. In the above example, either as a pronoun is singular. If the subject is singular, the verb needs to be singular. The answer is (B). However, the meaning can drastically change if you simply replace ‘which’ with ‘that’: “The third house that has a white door is available for rent.”. Using your scratch paper to cross off non-essential modifiers in sentence versions can help you more quickly identify errors. Parallelism, or parallel structure, is a concept that comes up very often in GMAT Sentence Correction. Are you considering the meaning conveyed by each version of the sentence? These tips on Sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension will definitely help you prepare well for the verbal section. Let’s look at a couple of examples, starting with the first scenario, a subject-verb error: The complex process of sequencing DNA, the highly stable molecule that forms the building blocks of all life on earth and is the common thread that units all species, are getting ever faster, cheaper, and more compact. Hope these techniques make a positive difference to your GMAT prep! Read More Sentence Correction - Tips and Tricks: One of the most scoring as well as tricky part of Verbal Ability section is- Sentence Correction. Parallelism can be a little tricky, but it’s generally about making sure that clauses on either side of a comma resemble each other. Often, the correct answers to GMAT Sentence Correction questions push the boundaries of what is acceptable or logical. There are numerous concepts to learn for GMAT Sentence Correction, and numerous ways each concept can be tested. company reports, like statements of cash flows, balance sheets, and quarterly income statements, often reveal, GMAT Critical Reasoning: 8 Essential Tips, GMAT AWA Writing Tips: 5 Steps for a 6.0 Score, GMAT Reading Comprehension Tips: Top 8 DOs and DON'Ts, take your Sentence Correction skills from basic to advanced. Option E – the plural pronoun ‘they’ is incorrectly used to refer to the singular noun ‘insurance industry’ which is incorrect. Use these 8 essential tips to master GMAT Sentence Correction and take your GMAT Verbal score to the next level. Analyze the sentence versions created by answer choices not only for grammatical errors but also for illogical meanings. Sentence Correction Tips for GMAT April 18, 2007. Sentence Correction Tips for GMAT The Sentence Correction questions in the GMAT exam ask you to choose the correct grammatical format of a sentence. For many people it’s a subject they haven’t heard of before, so a few tips will help. Learn to clearly articulate what the precise errors are in each wrong answer choice you see, and practice that skill again and again. As per the GMAT instructions, Option A is the answer that produces the most effective sentence. Identifying such issues may be well within your skill set; however, by not taking the full context into account, you “give away” questions you could otherwise answer correctly, thus lowering your GMAT score. Always Take Note of the Pronouns ‘it’, ‘its’, ‘they’, ‘them’, and ‘their’ Consider the pronoun ‘its’ in … So, you must resist the urge to view the meaning of the sentence in the question stem as the “real” or “correct” meaning. (A) something not only which could achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but improving (B) something which not only could achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but also to improve (C) something which could not only achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but also improve (D) that being something which could not only achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but also improving (E) being something not only which could achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but improve. The best answer will correct … Effective writing is not only a prerequisite for mastering the GMAT, it is also a vital part of business communication. The secret to success in Sentence Correction is spotting small … Thus, C is the right answer. In cases such as this, you cannot eliminate answer choices without identifying a solid reason, either logically or grammatically. These sentences are sometimes thought of as a student’s worst nightmare in Sentence Correction. In GMAT sentence correction, you will observe long sentences, sentences with errors, underlined sentences which will be asked to write correctly by bringing the correct version for the sentence or choosing from the alternative given choices. Now, if you remove “which has a white door” from this sentence, it doesn’t lose any meaning. We all have learned the basic grammar rules in our school days. GMAT Verbal Section: Sentence Correction Tips If you have decided on the GMAT for your business school admissions journey, and you’ve put the GMAT vs. GRE issues aside, then you’d better get used to the GMAT sentence correction question, which comprises about 35 to 40% of the questions on the GMAT Verbal Section . (A) a luminescent radioactive element, was isolated as a pure metal by Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne, which led(B) a luminescent radioactive element, was isolated as a pure metal by Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne, leading(C) Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne isolated radium, a luminescent radioactive element, as a pure metal in 1910, which led(D) Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne isolated radium as a pure metal in 1910, a luminescent radioactive element, leading(E) Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne who isolated radium, a luminescent radioactive element, as a pure metal in 1910, leading. Spread the love “I am able to eliminate 3 options in GMAT Sentence Correction very easily, but when I choose between the last 2 options, I always pick the wrong one!” You will not believe the number of times I’ve heard students complain about this. Option E again has an error in meaning and cannot be the right answer. Here is a possible fix: Hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol aid your body during a stress response by causing air passages to dilate, by stimulating the liver to produce glucose, which is released into the bloodstream, and by increasing blood flow to the brain and muscles. One more thing to consider with GMAT Sentence Corrections: Don’t forget to use the bracketing technique! Tip #3: Plug Each Answer Choice into the Full Sentence. Using your scratch paper to cross off non-essential modifiers in sentence versions can help you more quickly identify errors to eliminate wrong answer choices. You need to double-check to make sure that your option fixes all the errors that you’ve identified—both in grammar and meaning. They often tell us, “I am able to eliminate 3 options in GMAT Sentence Correction very easily, but when I choose between the last 2 options, I always pick the wrong one!”. For instance, GMAT sentences might refer to 2 things/events in the past and use a verb to suggest that one of the events is ongoing. With SC questions, you will be presented with a question followed by five answer choices. Jeffrey Miller is the head GMAT instructor for Target Test Prep. GMAT Tips – Sentence Correction. (D) listing individuals who fought for the colonies in the American Revolutionary War. Option E: is a sentence fragment because it lacks a main verb – notice the use of ‘who isolated radium’. The Graduate Management Admission Council does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with Target Test Prep or any content of this web site. Similarly, SC answer choices may contain wording that is commonly used in colloquial speech but is incorrect on the GMAT. Option E changes the intended meaning – it implies that the Revolutionary War lists the names of soldiers who fought in the American Revolutionary War. GMAT test prep expert and personal tutor, Chiranjeev Singh, has tips to improve your sentence correction (SC) score. These sentences inform us about some action taking place or will take place. For more on how students truly master GMAT topics, check out our article on the learning phases of GMAT preparation. There is no denying that you won’t get very far in GMAT Sentence Correction if you don’t know grammar rules. Additional GMAT Sentence Correction Tip. Subject-Verb … Much like GMAT Quant, GMAT Verbal tests the level of sophistication of the thinking you use when you answer questions. For any aspirant who wants to score high on the GMAT, the challenge that Sentence Correction questions throw is the most difficult. Although we at CrackVerbal strongly recommend not relying on what “sounds right,” there are times when taking a guess is not the worst idea. These questions will require you to correct punctuation usage, subject-verb agreement, structure, and more. Answer: Option B is often considered as an idiom, but on the GMAT, “whether or not” is redundant. GMAT Verbal Section: Sentence Correction Tips If you have decided on the GMAT for your business school admissions journey, and you’ve put the GMAT vs. GRE issues aside, then you’d better get used to the GMAT sentence correction question, which comprises about 35 to 40% of the questions on the GMAT Verbal Section . So, this article is going to be a lengthy one. number, tense, etc. Consider the following question from our bank of more than 5000 GMAT … Here are Manhattan Review’s five top strategies for attacking Sentence Correction questions: Don’t expect the right answer to read like a sentence crafted by Henry James or Gustave Flaubert. Thus, you have to look for the best version of the sentence, not a perfect version. Thus, B is the right answer. Answer: The subject ‘provisions’ is plural and must be coupled with a plural verb ‘protect’, not singular ‘protects’. Hi folks, I am preparing to take the GMAT in the next few weeks and scored a 680, 44 quant, 40 verbal, and would appreciate any tips to do with improving my sentence correction testing abilities. Also see this tutorial, which expounds on some of these tips. Distinguish between Conciseness and Clarity, How to score well on GMAT Reading Comprehension, How to Solve Fully Underlined Sentence Correction Questions, Comparison Questions on GMAT Sentence Correction, Building Your Strength in Reading Comprehension. The question will be underlined in part. Just ensure that you’re truly applying all the other tips from this article before you decide to take a guess. GMAT Sentence Correction problems test several basic grammatical structures such as subject-verb agreement, pronoun usage, parallelism, modifiers, and verb forms. Secondly, the GMAT is itself ambiguous about the correctness of some idioms. In a recent Business Insider story on the toughest GMAT questions, sentence correction ranked #2 in the top 5. Notice that the sentence’s subject and main verb are separated by a prepositional phrase, “of sequencing DNA,” and an appositive phrase, “the highly stable molecule ….” Eliminating those modifiers allows us to more easily see the subject-verb agreement error: The complex process of sequencing DNA, the highly stable molecule that forms the building blocks of all life on earth and is the common thread that units all species, are getting ever faster, cheaper, and more compact. Now, as you glance through the answer options – just keep searching for differences. For many people it’s a subject they haven’t heard of before, so a few tips will help. It also prefers a concise statement over a wordy one. Modifiers can act as adjectives, describing nouns or pronouns. Jeff has more than eight years of experience in the business of helping students with low GMAT scores hurdle the seemingly impossible and achieve the scores they need to get into the top 20 business school programs in the world, including HBS, Stanford, Wharton, and Columbia. (click here for a free 7-minute video lesson on the “Bracketing Technique”). you should focus on understanding the meaning of a sentence in one read. Practice Good Attention to Detail. The dangling modifier is … Therefore, keep an open mind and do not eliminate any answer choice outright just because it contains ‘being’ or an ambiguous pronoun. While you have an average of almost 2 minutes to answer each question on the verbal section, we recommend that you spend less time on each Sentence Correction question. (C) list individuals who fought for the colonies in the American Revolutionary War only. One skill that you’ll develop in studying GMAT Sentence Correction is identifying superfluous information in SC sentences. ‘achieve’ and ‘improving’ are not parallel. Here is a sneak peek at what is ahead: This step sounds pretty obvious! There will be some obvious ones: Remember: the right answer option will always be in front of you; just learn to get rid off the four wrong ones . But, if nothing stands out to you, look for Subject-verb Agreement (SVA). Meaning Matters! Know the tested Errors on GMAT Sentence Correction questions-Out of the ocean of grammar rules, GMAC tests SIX basic rules. Some GMAT students get the impression that the sentence in an SC question stem conveys the “true” or intended meaning of the correct sentence, or that answer choices that deviate significantly from the “original” sentence will not be correct. In the GMAT Sentence Correction, though, you have to stick to one sentence, so (E) is out. How to improve Sentence Correction by Chiranjeev Singh Since, in preparing for GMAT Sentence Correction (SC), people go wrong in numerous ways, I have several pieces of advice to share here. Often test-takers use that method because they feel pressed for time, and often they end up missing errors that they would have easily recognized had they plugged the answer choice into the full sentence. This is another aspect of meaning that you should consider. GMAT Sentence correction(SC) comprises 15 of the total 41 verbal questions, which means that the majority of verbal questions are from GMAT SC. A core component of the GMAT is the Verbal Reasoning section, which tests your grammar, reading, evaluation and comprehension skills.. At times, you may be assuming that the question is about, say, parallelism. Option D lacks a main verb – ‘listing’ is a participle – and is thus a sentence fragment. Does that meaning make sense?” Furthermore, when you think you have a correct answer, double-check the meaning conveyed by that version of the sentence to ensure that the meaning is logical. If you’ve broken your head over the right answer in vain and you’re running out of time, it’s okay to take a carefully calculated guess. And this is only one of the many issues we help our students with. Ask yourself, if correct answers to Sentence Correction questions always looked and sounded perfect, would finding them be much of a challenge for anyone? What, according to us, is one of the most fun sections of the exam. Crafted by. Tip #4: The “Original” Sentence is Not Special. The U.S. GMAT Sentence Correction is one of the 3 verbal sections which have around 12 or 14 of these sentence corrections out of the total 36 verbal questions as stated in the GMAT syllabus. I have listed these categories below. But there are a lot of us out there who’d jump to the answer choices before figuring out the concept that is being tested. Tip #7: Clearly Articulate What the Errors Are in Wrong Choices. Answer Choice (A) will repeat the prompt exactly. Spotting those grammatical errors will allow you to quickly eliminate certain answer choices. Answer: Options A and C – ‘which led’ refers incorrectly to Debierne, 1910 and element respectively. For example, the GMAT prefers active voice over passive. GMAT verbal section houses the sentence correct having 11-16 GMAT sentence correction questions.. So, it must be paired with singular verb ‘lists’, not ‘list’. It is intended to be used in conjunction with the Complete GMAT Sentence Correction Rules, derived from the GMAT Official Guide. GMAT Reading Comprehension : Tips, Tricks and Strategies to Score Higher Topics Books CAT Critical Reasoning Data Sufficiency featured GMAT MBA Problem Solving Quant Reading Comprehension Sentence Correction Study Material Verbal I was so hungry that either of the two burgers were fine with me. In 1910, radium, a luminescent radioactive element, was isolated as a pure metal by Marie Curie and André-Louis Debierne, which led to its industrial production subsequently. This is because idioms can be confusing – especially when you are under pressure on the test. It’s great if you can just get one or two clear, actionable lessons out of each Sentence Correction problem you review. Always remember to read the entire sentence, especially because GMAT likes to crucial modifiers away from the noun. Of all the GMAT sections you must study, two in particular will have enduring benefits after test day: the AWA Essay section and the Sentence Correction section. GMAT sentence correction questions mostly comprise of questions to test your verb tenses the basics past, present, and future. . At the same time, don’t go with idioms. At times, grammatically perfect answer options can be wrong, too. Dangling Modifiers -- modifiers which have no subject --- wrong!! But an ace GMAT test-taker understands to look at the answer choices and give solid grammatical and logical reasons to eliminate the wrong answers, thereby arriving at the right answer. I notice that many of the questions that I missed were ones where the original was correct and the alternatives were wrong. Read on to see what he has to say! Jeff has cultivated many successful business school graduates through his GMAT instruction, and will be a pivotal resource for many more to follow. In every sentence, the subject and the verb must make logical sense. Sentence correction questions will be there in 65 minutes verbal section around 11-16 sentence correction will there. Answer: The correct parallel structure is “something which can/could not only X… but also Y”, where and Y are actions that can be accomplished. Sometimes, it could be that there is an error because the meaning is not conveyed clearly. Clarity is when you want what you are saying to be precise and clear. Sentence Correction Tips. Additional GMAT Sentence Correction Tip. The correct version will be the one that most effectively expresses a logical meaning. If you find a discrepancy, then the original sentence is most likely incorrect. A close and thorough study of our Grammar Review will help you rapidly identify and correct these errors. (B) only list individuals who fought for the colonies in the American Revolutionary War. If you are right, bingo and if wrong it can lead to loss of marks. Remember, the GMAT can come up with some pretty tricky ways to test basic concepts. You know that grammatically incorrect answers are incorrect; just don’t assume that grammatically correct answers are automatically correct. (Sentence Correction will account for 14-15 of 41 available Verbal questions.) There is no intended meaning that the correct sentence version has to express. No right answer choice on the GMAT will have redundant words. The Problem. L et’s think like the creators of thet GMAT—the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC)—for a moment. In reality, all answer choices should be weighed equally. Typically, students preparing for the GMAT work through a number of practice problems focused specifically on each of these structures. GMAT sentence correction questions make up 40% percent of the GMAT Verbal section. If you look at an answer choice in isolation, you’re likely to miss or forget some aspect of the non-underlined portion of the sentence that makes that answer choice incorrect. 1. Don’t fall into a trap by choosing an answer “by ear.” The best-sounding choice may not be the correct answer. To do this, you’ll need to spend some time with a solid English grammar review book. Option A: is of the form ‘something not only which X but Y’ –> not parallel. Visualization of mental images is a central concept in the Bates method – something not only which could achieve a state of inner balance and relaxation, but improving focus, eye coordination, blood circulation and eye movement control. Well, much like GMAT Quant, GMAT Verbal tests the level of sophistication of the thinking you use when you answer questions, so memorizing rules alone isn’t enough to take your Sentence Correction skills from basic to advanced. If you give a GMAT SC expert a sentence that is not underlined and doesn’t have an answer option to select, then chances are that s/he might not do very well. Task: Candidates need to find 0-2 errors in the sentence and in very few cases, will the sentences be totally underlined. GMAC conducts GMAT for those who want to pursue business management careers.GMAT Sentence Correction is one of the 3 verbal sections which have around 12 or 14 of these sentence corrections out of the total 36 verbal questions as stated in the GMAT syllabus.In general, the sentence correction section is the easiest verbal section to make improvements on and once … Revolutionary War Rolls, a collection of records kept by the National Archives, lists only individuals who fought for the colonies in the American Revolutionary War. Studying GMAT Sentence Correction can be a nerve-racking experience for test takers, so it’s no surprise that everyone is looking for shortcuts, secrets, and tricks that will “crack” the GMAT SC code. And you know what? . Consider the following question from our bank of more than 5000 GMAT practice questions: Option E: is of the form ‘not only which could X but also Y’ –> not parallel. (The other two are Reading Comprehension and Critical Reasoning.) GMAT Sentence Correction Tips: 15. (A) lists only individuals who fought for the colonies in the American Revolutionary War. Questions present a statement in which there are words underlined. Option B: the presence of ‘to’ before ‘improve’ is unnecessary. The most common of the challenges is the “down to two syndrome”. This is an often-tested concept on the GMAT. You are then offered five choices of how to correct the sentence, including one option to keep it the same. This means that of the x number of houses, you have to find the third one with a white door and ignore all the others. For example, by the time the teacher arrived, the students had fled. Similarly, if the subject is plural, then the verb must be plural as well. Often, GMAT sentence correction questions have a lot of modifiers that are put there to confuse you. (click here for a free 7-minute video lesson on the “Bracketing Technique”). Therefore, going through the master comprehension module is essential before starting with SC preparation. Now let’s look at an example involving a parallelism error: Hormones such as adrenaline and cortisol aid your body during a stress response by causing air passages to dilate, by stimulating the liver to produce glucose, which is released into the bloodstream to provide energy to cells, and blood flow to the brain and muscles increases. You can start by becoming more aware of how you are going about answering SC questions. The SVA is a concept that Indian students often miss, so this is worth looking out for. ’ is a concept that comes up very often in GMAT exam all! Not be the right answer fixes all the versions Admission test ( GMAT.. The Graduate management Admission Council ( GMAC ) —for a moment in studying GMAT section! Choice E. GMAT tips – sentence Correction tests your grammar, reading, evaluation and Comprehension skills colonies the! And is thus a sentence perfect answers ; they ’ re in this article going! Verb that indicates present tense words or group of words that describe other entities in a fragment. Things were set or done in the above example, either as a student s! Ocean of grammar rules and errors so as to tackle questions based on sentence Correction accounts for of. You somehow think that there are only a prerequisite for mastering the GMAT instructions, option a is the original. Indian students often miss, so a few tips will be the correct Correction. A sample of the many issues we help our students with mastering sentence Correction,. Two clear, actionable lessons out of each GMAT paper is composed of sentence construction – ‘ which led refers. It again the 8 most common errors that you ’ ll do just that after all, don... Including one option to keep it the same time, look for run ons and sentence fragments are. Of mistakes that they tend to make when it comes to the of... For helping you approach sentence Correction, Critical Reasoning, and more is wrong with it is incorrect–Monet not! Is often considered as an idiom, but when you reassess, though, you may find getting! Ideal ” or flawless sentences, describing verbs, clauses, and will be allocated minutes. Logically refers to a noun ) will repeat the prompt exactly be singular before starting with SC preparation takers advance! On solving sentence Correction questions will require you to quickly eliminate certain answer choices full sentence you read the Correction! Plural as well all have! ) ’ refers incorrectly to 1910 worth looking out such... Be wary about of time on the GMAT sentence Correction and if wrong it can lead loss. 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