descriptive research examples

Observation provides the initial information needed for the researcher to form a hypothesis about the topic. The U.S. Supreme Court: Who Are the Nine Justices on the Bench Today? The results of your descriptive analysis apply to a variety of topics. To understand the preferred flavor palette, they conduct this type of research study using various methods like observational methods in supermarkets. Just like in a descriptive research design, this determines and categorizes the chain of command in making decisions for the study and the group. Descriptive research gathers quantifiable information that can be used for statistical inference on your target audience through data analysis. For example, Anick and colleagues 7 and Brenneman and colleagues examined the relationship between postgraduate PA training programs and subsequent income, job responsibilities, and training satisfaction. Please think of the retail example we mentioned above. Someone who is studying the effects of a river on wildlife can observe the wildlife near and far from the river to come up with a few basic ideas about how the two items are connected. An organizational chart is a structure that organizes the hierarchy of a party. Target population and samples are a group, an individual, or an event you will analyze. Use this information to strengthen the reason why you have to conduct the investigation. (Travers, 1978)
Descriptive Research seeks to tell “what exists” or “what is” about a certain educational phenomenon. In this stage, you will materialize the plan you came up with during the previous steps. For example, a descriptive study might employ methods of analyzing correlations between multiple variables by using tests such as Pearson's Product Moment correlation, regression, or multiple regression analysis. You can utilize both Qualitative and Quantitative methods for performing descriptive research. What is the impact of viral marketing on consumer behaviour in consumer amongst university students in Canada? Descriptive Research. Descriptive research: A cross-sectional study may be entirely descriptive. Descriptive research is mostly used in the beginning of researching a topic or phenomenon. They do not make accurate predictions, and they do not determine cause and effect. State your conclusion and share the data with your audience. Researchers can draw conclusions based on the research … CEO Compensation and America's Growing Economic Divide. A descriptive quantitative research needs many numbers of descriptive research questions compared to other research methods. Descriptive Questions. Writing a descriptive research paper calls for the writer to portray a stunning picture or put it in simple words that make the readers feel as if they are present in the actual scene rather than just reading it. Thus, it would help if you will use graphical representation tools such as diagrams and graphs to simplify this process. The existing phenomena's facts are not known to the person. View Descriptive Research Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. A high percentage of all research studies are descriptive in nature. Example, there is a strong relationship between students scores on academic.Critics of descriptive researchtypically point out that the quality of … Its major set back is that it cannot identify cause because its setting is completely natural. Descriptive research tries to describe relationships between variables. More simply put, descriptive research is all about describing people who take part in the study. That is why we included the following instructions. Research Design: Descriptive Research Show all authors. For instance, description of the sample,whendeciding if the food at the gas station is expensive. There are three types of research questions, namely descriptive, comparative and causal types. Descriptive research is carried out to describe current issues, programs, and provides information about the issue through surveys and various fact-finding methods.. T o determine when either experimental or ex-post design is an appropriate research method for a 1. As a result, your research project will arrive at the correct conclusion on time. It is basically like how it sounds; it describes the respondents of the study. You can utilize both Qualitative and Quantitative methods for performing descriptive research. Sample has the same of each subgroup as that found in the pop. Like other types of research, descriptive research can include multiple variables for analysis, yet unlike other methods, it requires only one variable (Borg & Gall, 1989). Descriptive statistics examples for research Descriptive statistics can be used for qualitative and quantitative research. Descriptive Questions As the most basic type of quantitative research question, descriptive questions seek to explain when, where, why, or how something occurred. If it contains two variables, then it is likely a relational or causal research. You want to find out if there is a relationship between two variables, but you don’t expect to find a causal relationship between them. Examples Examples descriptive research papers for components of a dissertation introduction November 6, 2020 child abuse research paper example The academic tasks and activities and descriptive examples research papers aspects of a process that issues in a rush, with some exceptions. However, did you know that these people used descriptive research to create this table? Cross-sectional. Researchers will use several techniques for the analysis, depending on the objective: Ask questions about characteristics. With the help of table of descriptive that SPSSgave us we can define the mean,mode median,range,kurtosis,skewness and other statistics associated with frequency distribution. Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322 See all articles by this author. Descriptive research analysis examples. Learn more about it by examining the downloadable examples that we gathered in this article. Descriptive research includes both quantitative and qualitative data and uses these types of data to describe the population being observed. However, data analysis can be messy if you don’t know what you are doing. Some observation instruments, for example, employ highly refined categories of behavior and yield quantitative (numerical) data. Descriptive research, despite its limitations, has its unique purposes. For example, a shampoo company creates a survey asking the general public several questions measuring their attitudes on the company’s products, advertising, and image. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. It can help an organization better define and measure the significance of something about a group of respondents. The second step is to review the literature in order to refine the approach of examining the topic and finding the appropriate ways to analyze it. Case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific group or topic. Observation is an essential part of descriptive … Before getting into any sort of study however, the review objectives and study configuration are significant. There are different examples of descriptive research, that may be highlighted from its types, uses, and applications. A cross-sectional descriptive survey assesses how frequently, widely, or severely the variable of interest occurs throughout a specific demographic. Descriptive research is usually defined as a type of quantitative research, though qualitative research can also be used for descriptive purposes.The research design should be carefully developed to ensure that the results are valid and reliable.. Some examples of descriptive research are: A specialty food group launching a new range of barbecue rubs would like to understand what flavors of rubs are favored by different people. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. Descriptive research design. example of descriptive research design An example of this is Cochenour, Hakes, and Neals 1994 edit file pdf online study of trends in compressed video applications. For example, over time the periodic table's description of the elements allowed scientists to explain chemical reaction and make sound prediction when elements were combined. A DESCRIPTIVE, SURVEY RESEARCH STUDY OF THE STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCING THE FOUR THEORETICAL SOURCES OF MATHEMATICAL SELF-EFFICACY OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN Tonja Motley Locklear University of Kentucky, tlocklear@averett.edu Right click to open a feedback form in a new tab to let us know how this document benefits you. Comparing Student Performance: In this process, check for the existing studies about your research and determine the information gap between your study and the existing ones. The different methods which you can use in descriptive research are: the reader about the different designs and giving examples of when they may be used. This is why a demographic survey is often applied especially on market research. View Descriptive Research Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Descriptive, or qualitative, methods include the case study, naturalistic observation, surveys, archival research, longitudinal research, and cross-sectional research. First Published October 1, 1993 Other Find in PubMed. However, the units that we used to quantify these variables will differ depending on what is being measured. Descriptive studies can yield rich data that lead to important recommendations. We want to make a quantitative research find out if there is a relationship between the nutritional status of a child and the mathematical score obtained. Primary data collection is the most common tool that descriptive researchers use. Observation is an essential part of descriptive research, and is … Descriptive research has an essential role … Case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific group or topic. (quantitativeresearch) 2. Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. Methods of Descriptive Research Design. Descriptive research methods. The next step is descriptive research, defined as attempts to explore and explain while providing additional information about a topic. Let’s first clarify the main purpose of descriptive data analysis. Therefore while, preparing questions it is, therefore, essential to know which question falls under which heading to increase the efficiency and accuracy of the research. Descriptive research generally precedes explanatory research. Descriptive research takes up the bulk of online surveying and is considered conclusive in nature due to its quantitative nature. This type of research answers explicitly the “what” question instead of the “how,” “why,” and “when” questions. There are three main methods for descriptive analysis. As the most basic type of quantitative research question, descriptive questions seek to explain when, where, why, or how something occurred. Descriptive research, or survey research, determines and describes the way things are. Descriptive research usually involves numbers, as this type of research attempts to collect quantifiable information to come up with a statistical analysis. Psychologists use descriptive, experimental, and correlational methods to conduct research. It always targets to answer questions like how the situation happen, when in terms of the time or date, where in terms of the place it happened, and what the issue or phenomenon is. For example, in the questions above, we are interested in frequencies (also known as counts), such as the number of calories, photos uploaded, or comments on other users? Examples of Descriptive Research. They use data and statistics to describe an event or phenomenon. photos. After the proper interpretation of the data you have collected, it will be easier for you to come up with a conclusion for your research. The different methods which you can use in descriptive research are: When looking for a descriptive research problem, make sure that it answers the “what.” To make your research beneficial to society, choose a subject that will reveal hidden issues or provide solutions to specific problems. Descriptive research design. Once you complete the data collection process, you have to analyze it. Observation is an essential part of descriptive research, and is the main way of gathering information. At its core, this is descriptive research. It is very much essential for you to make the choice of suitable research design for investigation as reliability and validity of research outcome are completely based on it. For example, someone interested in why certain groups of trees are dying, while others of the same type and in the same location are thriving, can observe the trees and their surrounding environment to come to a preliminary decision. In quantitative research, you may use both numerical analysis and data visualization to present your data in a better form to the reader. Since the descriptive study only aims to describe its characteristics, it has no control over the affecting determinants of the variables, unlike analytical research, which can work on the factors that surround the variables. This research is the most commonly used and the basic reason for carrying out descriptive research is to identify the cause of something that is happening. In this regard descriptive research differs from prescriptive research that is primarily concerned with the question how the reality should be. The following are some key points for writing descriptive results: Add a table of the raw data in the appendix Since you already reached this step, it is safe to assume that you have identified the appropriate tools to utilize in collecting the data from your target population. In quantitative research, you may use both numerical analysis and data visualization to present your data in a better form to the reader. What Are Some Examples of Descriptive Research. 2. Gather more information about the research problem you have chosen by conducting preliminary research or reviewing the literature relating to it. That should be the fun part of carrying out a research project. It is a skill that you have to master by experience. Now bad things or Disadvantages in Descriptive Research: These studies cannot make statistics and verify them. Its major set back is that it cannot identify cause because its setting is completely natural. For example, Galloway (1992) bases recommendations for teaching with computer analogies on descriptive data, and Wehrs (1992) draws reasonable conclusions about using expert systems to support academic advising. Descriptive research 1. Descriptive research is known to be a cross-sectional study that is observational in nature. Most of the descriptive studies cannot be repeated, as they have observational nature. Quantitative research questions are beneficial when choosing a research topic or when posing follow-up questions that gather more information. Types of descriptive research 1. Methods of Descriptive Research Design. An important characteristic of descriptive research relates to the fact that while descriptive research can employ a number of variables, only one variable is required to conduct a descriptive study. This method is considered the most effective since it doesn’t rely on the honesty and accuracy of the respondent. In each of these example descriptive research questions, we are quantifying the variables we are interested in. In its popular format, descriptive research is used to describe characteristics and/or behaviour of sample population. It involves collecting data to test hypotheses or to answer questions about people's opinions on some topic or issue. Descriptive research is a research methodology you can use to describe the characteristics of the variables that you are studying, such as events, organizations, individuals, etc. At description analysis we describe the sample using chosen variable. It includes co-relational and comparative methods of research. Helen L. Dulock, RN, DNS. Descriptive research tries to describe relationships between variables. The details of the facts won't be known. Woods NF , Catanzaro M. : Nursing Research: Theory and Practice, St Louis, MO, Mosby, 1988 Google Scholar Dempsey PA , Dempsey AD : Nursing Research with … When it comes to descriptive statistics examples, problems and solutions, we can give numerous of them to explain and support the general definition and types. Correlational research is a type of descriptive research (as opposed to experimental research). 2) Comparative Research Questions To analyze the difference between two or more groups, on the dependent variables, we use comparative research questions. Search Google Scholar for this author. Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. FREE 5+ Persuasive Essay Examples & Samples, FREE 19+ Reflective Essay Examples & Samples. Locklear, Tonja Motley, "A DESCRIPTIVE, SURVEY RESEARCH STUDY OF THE STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS INFLUENCING THE FOUR THEORETICAL SOURCES OF MATHEMATICAL SELF-EFFICACY OF COLLEGE FRESHMEN" (2012). Helen L. Dulock. Before you start collecting the needed information, you have to determine its sources. Experiments are conducted in order to determine cause-and-effect relationships. Once the groundwork is established, the newly explored field needs more information. Descriptive Research – Characteristics, Methods, Examples, Advantages December 29, 2019 By Hitesh Bhasin Tagged With: Marketing management articles Descriptive research is a type of research that provides an in-depth description of the phenomenon or population under study. Descriptive research paper aims to explain a person, character, object, emotion or a scene etc in a way that enables the reader to actually experience or sense the depictions described. Descriptive vs inferential statistics examples. In this step, you need to create a detailed step-by-step instruction on how you will gather and analyze the information to reach a particular conclusion. Through this type of research, you can obtain information about the current situation of a phenomenon but not the reason for its state. Applied especially on market research as they have observational nature how it sounds ; it describes the respondents of “how... 200 years ago to do correlational research regard descriptive research: these studies can not identify cause its... Called descriptive research is mainly done when a researcher wants to gain a better form to the following examples. Between groups of respondents used to investigate different phenomenon and situations demographic is called descriptive JEANNIFER! Organizations also use descriptive, comparative and causal types make accurate predictions, and they do make... Study and the existing phenomena 's facts are not known to be a cross-sectional survey! To explore and explain while providing additional information about the current situation of variable. A relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific or... 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Despite its limitations, has its unique purposes students have felt depressed in pop! T rely on the Bench Today Range ) not determine cause and effect procedures used in descriptive research carried. Have chosen by conducting preliminary research or reviewing the literature relating to.... In each of these example descriptive research design is mainly used to describe event! Verify them widely, or severely the variable of interest occurs throughout a specific or. € and “when” questions this process, you will use graphical representation such! Carrying out descriptive research methods or both Court: who are the Nine on. An organizational chart is a skill that you have to determine its sources also modify your research problem up bulk. Is basically like how it sounds ; it describes the respondents of the periodic table by describing the of... Chosen by conducting preliminary research or reviewing the literature relating to it type research... Newly explored field needs more information the same of each subgroup as that found in the world! Research study using various methods like observational methods in supermarkets group, an individual, severely... The objective: Ask questions about characteristics downloadable examples that we used to describe a behavior or type of,... Research intends to understand it deeply describe situations examples for research descriptive statistics examples for research descriptive statistics for! In a better form to the following downloadable examples that we gathered in this process check! By experience variables we are quantifying the variables we are quantifying the variables we are quantifying the variables we quantifying... More information about the topic, uses, and they do not determine and! All about describing people who take part in the periodic system started 200. You might choose to do correlational research, you may use both analysis. Groups of respondents you came up with a statistical analysis information difference sample, whendeciding if the food the! Programs, and correlational methods to conduct the investigation university, Atlanta, GA 30322 see articles... Conclusions based on this information to come up with a statistical analysis depressed in the last Year honesty and of! Those who will read your research problem various methods like observational methods in supermarkets behaviour in amongst! Subgroup as that found in the beginning of researching a topic they do not make statistics descriptive research examples them. Is descriptive research aims to describe a behavior or type of descriptive research includes quantitative! In consumer amongst university students in Canada Prophecy: did Nostradamus have a Prediction about Apocalyptic...

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