yser river map

was of great importance. After the Allied victory at the Marne, the German retreat and entrenchment on the heights north of the Aisne River, and his failed attempts to drive the Germans from their positions, French Commander Joseph Joffreattempted to outflank the German right wing. The Flooding of the Yser by Belgian Minister of Justice Carton De Wiart. The victory at the Yser allowed Belgium to retain a sliver of territory with Germany in control of 95 percent of Belgian territory, which made King Albert a Belgian national hero, sustained national pride and provided a venue for commemorations of heroic sacrifice for the next century. The battles of the Yser river began at the very beginning of the First World War. [22], The Allies assembled a naval force under the British Admiral Horace Hood with three monitors, HMS Severn, Humber, Mersey and assorted craft to provide heavy artillery support to the defenders of the seaward flank. The Yser is a river that rises in French Flanders, enters the Belgian province of West Flanders and flows through the Ganzepoot and into the North Sea at the town of Nieuwpoort. The front line was held by a large Belgian force, which halted the German advance in a costly defensive battle. The Germans 4th Ersatz Division and Landwehr troops at Lokeren and Moerbeke turned east towards Ghent before the withdrawal was discovered. of the drainage system was at Nieuwpoort, where the Yser met the sea, and [31], In 2010, Jack Sheldon wrote that from 18 to 30 October, the Belgian army sustained 20,000 casualties and that German casualties may have been much greater. The front line along the Yser River became known as the Yser Front and was held by the Belgian Army until 1918. Intervening areas are agricultural, with wide roads on shallow foundations, unpaved mud tracks in France and narrow pavé roads along the frontier and in Belgium. The Battle of the Yser (French: Bataille de l'Yser, Dutch: Slag om de IJzer) was a battle of the First World War that took place in October 1914 between the towns of Nieuwpoort and Diksmuide, along a 35 km (22 mi) stretch of the Yser River and the Yperlee Canal, in Belgium. Its origins date back to the ninth century, when, near the Yser river, the Frankish settlement of Dicasmuth was founded, which in the twelfth century received city rights. CSS. GUN FIRE SHAKES LONDON Enemy's Artillery Wrecks Defenses and … Yser definition, a river flowing from N France through NW Belgium into the North Sea: battles 1914–18. Map Map of the River Systems of the United States Copy 3 About this Item ... LIV pl. 56 x 24 cm. [24], On 16 October Diksmuide, garrisoned by Belgian and French troops under Colonel Alphonse Jacques, was attacked. About 30,000 men of the Antwerp garrison surrendered and the city was occupied by German troops. google_ad_height = 60; [19], The rest of the Flanders Plain is woods and small fields, divided by hedgerows planted with trees and cultivated from small villages and farms. Proclamations warning the inhabitants that King Albert I and the government would leave Antwerp were put up during the day. (maps, diagrs.) Following The Fourth, First and Second divisions prolonged the line north, with advanced posts at Beerst, Keiem (Keyem), Schoore and Mannekensvere, about 1 mi (2 km) forward on the east bank. The Germans captured advanced posts at Keiem, Schoore and part of Mannekensvere and reached the Yser, despite bombardments from the Anglo-French flotilla, which engaged German troops along the coast as far as Middelkerke. West of a line between Arras and Calais in the north of France lie chalk downlands covered with soil sufficient for arable farming, and east of the line the land declines in a series of spurs into the Flanders plain. Residence Yser: Comfortable stay - See 30 traveler reviews, 8 candid photos, and great deals for Residence Yser at Tripadvisor. [30], The Belgian Army and its allies had managed to hold the last corner of Belgium, ending the Race to the Sea and the period of open warfare. The Fighting. Diksmuide fell to the Germans on 10 November, but on 25 October. [33], Fall of Antwerp and the Allied retreat, 1914, Military operations in Belgium, October 1914, German occupation of Belgium during World War I, "Battle of the Yser: 18 October – 30 November 1914", German Official History situation map, November 1914, Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_the_Yser&oldid=993569528, Battles of the Western Front (World War I), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 08:08. half of the 6,500 French navy troops, the Marins Fusiliers, stationed under At Diksmuide itself, twelve miles south of Nieuwpoort, The Brigade de fusiliers marins (Rear-Admiral Pierre Alexis Ronarc'h were sent from Pierrefitte, near Paris, on 7 October, to Flanders and by 18 October were at Diksmuide (Dixmude). On 14 October, the Belgian army began to dig in along the Yser, the Sixth and Fifth divisions to the north of French territorial divisions, assembled at Boezinge, then northwards along the Yser canal to the Fusiliers Marins at Diksmuide (Dixmude). On 21 October, the hard-pressed Belgian Army was reinforced by the French 42nd Division (Major-General Paul François Grossetti). Nieuwpoort remained in Belgian hands throughout the war. Residence Yser: OK apartment - See 30 traveler reviews, 8 candid photos, and great deals for Residence Yser at Tripadvisor. The Veurnesas sluice on the new Veurnevaart canal as well as the sluices and spillways on the Noordvaart canal (1875) and the leper- A coastal strip about 10 mi (16 km) wide is near sea level and fringed by sand dunes. BRITISH DRIVEN OVER YSER RIVER; Germans Near Belgian Coast Launch a Strong Attack and Claim 1,250 Prisoners. The difficulty of movement after the end of summer absorbed much of the civilian labour available on road maintenance, leaving field defences to be built by front-line soldiers. google_ad_client = "pub-4298319194752627"; The German Siege of Namur ended with a Belgian capitulation on 24 August, as the field army made a sortie from Antwerp towards Brussels. The Belgian army's defence of the Yser Canal in October google_ad_width = 468; The III Reserve Corps attacked Belgian defences from Diksmuide to the sea, regardless of loss. To the south-east, canals run between Lens, Lille, Roubaix and Kortrijk, the Lys river from Kortrijk to Ghent and to the north-west lies the sea. Albert I, "Drum Fire" was an artillery barrage fired not in salvo but by each gun in succession. The German Fourth Army, operating under Located in the Flanders region, the municipality of Nieuwpoort also includes the towns of Sint-Joris and Ramskapelle. The main stem of the Tennessee River begins near Knoxville at the convergence of the headwaters. drainage canals, the area itself being made up of 'polder', or reclaimed the Canal and the railway. James Edward Edmonds wrote in 1925, in the History of the Great War, that from 18 October to 30 November 1914, between Gheluvelt and the coast, the Germans suffered an estimated 76,250 casualties. Flanders, notably at Ypres. The British IV Corps with the 7th Division and 3rd Cavalry Division from Zandvoorde to Oostnieuwkerke; the French Groupe Bidon and the de Mitry Cavalry Corps covered the ground from Roeselare (Roulers) to Kortemark (Cortemarck), the 87th and 89th Territorial divisions from Passendale (Passchendaele) to Boezinge (Boesinghe) and then the Belgian field army and fortress troops from Boezinge to Nieuwpoort. [15], British and French forces in Belgium covered the withdrawal of the Belgians and British from Antwerp. Reciprocal attempts by the Franco-British and German armies to envelop the northern flank of the opposing army, the Race to the Sea took place through Picardy, Artois and Flanders (17 September – 19 October. [4] The front line was held by a large Belgian force, which halted the German advance in a costly defensive battle. Dixmuide is visited as part of the Yser River battles. With the aid of British where several other major canals joined. Photographs courtesy of Photos of the Great War website, Feature: Brave Little Belgium - The Battle of Yser, Primary Documents: The Flooding of the Yser by the Belgian Minister of Justice,